325th Bomb Squadron

The 325th Bomb Squadron (BS) has a long and colorful history that dates back to the earliest days of World War II. Constituted (created) as the 325th Bombardment Squad­ron (Heavy) on 28 January 1942, the squadron was activated on 1 March 1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana,  equipped with the venerable B-17, and assigned to the 92d Bombardment Group (BG). Less than a month later, on 25 March 1942, the squadron transferred to MacDill Field, Florida, and then to Sarasota, Florida. During its stay in the Florida pen-insula, the squadron participated in anti-submarine patrols while undergoing training.
On 18 July 1942, the 325th BS was trans­ferred to Royal Air Force (RAF) Bovington, England, where it arrived on 18 August 1942. The squadron, still part of the 92 BG, initially trained replacement crews for combat in the European theater.  During the period from 18 August 1942 through 6 January 43, the squadron flew four combat missions while conducting replacement crew training. Upon completion of its training mission, the 325th moved to RAF Alconbury on 6 January 1943 where it and the 92 BG underwent reorganization. When they emerged in May 1943, the 92 BG and 325 BS were ready for combat. The group's B-17s, armed and ready for battle, flew their first post-reorganization combat mission on 15 May 1943. However, on August 20, 1943, the personnel and aircraft, led by the commander, Capt William C Anderson, were assumed by the 813 BS (Pathfinder).  In September 1943, the re-equipping 325th once again moved, this time to RAF Podington, England, where it would remain until the end of the war.
The 92d flew its last combat mission on 25 April 1945 when it had the distinction of leading the Eighth Air Force's final sortie of the conflict. During its World War II years, the 92 BG flew a total of 308 combat missions. Unlike other units, the 92d and the 325th did not immediately vanish upon the end of the conflict in Europe. On 12 June 1945, the squadron transferred to Istres, France, where it remained until 28 February 1946. While in France, the squadron used its B-17s to ferry personnel from the European Theater to North Africa for deployment back to the United States. From 15 June to 9 September 1945, the 325th's aircraft helped move 19,935 troops while also helping to return 5,672 Frenchmen to France. After completion of this important mission, nicknamed Operation Green Project, the 325th was inactivated on 28 February 1946.
It was not long, however, before the squadron returned to active duty. On 15 July 1946, the unit was redesignated as the 325th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy). On 4 August 1946, the unit was activated and rejoined the 92 BG at Fort Worth Army Air Field (AAFld), Texas, complete with B-29s, as part of the Strategic Air Command (SAC).  The squadron was moved to Smoky Hill AAFld, Kansas, (on paper) 26 October 1947, and less than a year later transferred to Spokane AAFld (later, Fairchild AFB), Washington with the 92 BG.
On 28 May 1948, the squadron became known as the 325th Bombardment Squadron (Medium). When the Korean War began on 25 June 1950, the squadron and its B-29 aircraft were rushed to Yokota AB, Japan, and, by 13 July 1950, had entered the fray, dropping bombs on enemy targets. The 325th continued strik­ing at North Korean targets until 29 October 1950, when the squadron returned to Spokane AAFld.
On 28 May 1951, the squadron received yet another name (the 325th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) and, in June, a new aircraft: the massive B-36. For the next six years, the Cavemen became experts in the mammoth B-36, which, with its propellers mounted on the rear of its wings, was one of the more un­usual looking aircraft ever assigned to the USAF.
In the mid-1950s, the USAF began phasing the B-36 out of service as the more ad­vanced B-52 began entering the Air Force's inventory. Thus, in March 1957, the now called 92d Bombardment Wing and the 325th were among the first units to receive the famed B-52D.  For the next 10 years, the 325th Cavemen became masters of the legendary B-52D. In 1968, the squadron returned to combat as it began a long involvement in Southeast Asia (SEA). From 6 March-23 September 1968 and 15 March-14 September 1969, the squadron flew to SEA to participate in ARC LIGHT operations. For service during the latter deployment, the squadron was awarded the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with the Combat "V" de­vice and the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm.
In the fall of 1971, the squadron, along with the 92 BMW, began the transition from the B-52D to the B-52G. Duty called again in 1972-1973 when the crews and aircraft of the 325th participated in BULLET SHOT operations. Over the next twenty years, the 325th continued to operate the B-52G.  By the late 1980s and early 1990s, changes on the world scene had major implications for the squadron. As a prelude to these alterations, the 325th Bombardment Squadron became known as the 325th Bomb Squadron on 1 September 1991. On the same date, the 325th became a member of the 92d Operations Group as the 92d Bomb Wing transformed to the objective wing structure.  In spite of the inactivation of the 325th BS on 1 July 1994, the Air Force had plans for the squadron and announced that the squadron would join the 509th Bomb Wing, Whiteman AFB, Missouri, to become the second operational B-2 squadron. Thus, on 6 January 1998, the 325th returned to life amid ceremonies attended by General Eugene Habiger, U.S. Strategic Air Command commander-in-chief (and a former 325th commander) and Lieutenant General Phillip Ford, Eighth Air Force commander. At the same time, Lieutenant Colonel Will Gildner, Jr., became the commander of the 325th Bomb Squadron.
Among the initial assignments for the members of the 325th BS was the first-ever live release of a Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW), or AGM-154, the most recent near-precision munition to be included in the B-2 arsenal. On 11 January 2000, crewmembers released the JSO from the Spirit of Kansas over the Utah Test and Training Range.
The following year, the 325th BS was called upon to take the B-2 bomber into combat for the first time during Operation ALLIED FORCE. From 24 March through 21 May 1999, the squadron sent its aircrews and aircraft almost nightly into harm’s way attempting to end the strife in the Kosovo region. After the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the 325th was called into combat again as a part of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM. The Cavemen were again tested on 21 March 2003, during the opening days of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM. Throughout the duration of the air campaign 325th BS crews flew sustained B-2 operations from Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory and Whiteman AFB, Missouri. This marked the first combat deployment of the B-2, a historic event which accelerated the decision to declare the weapon system Fully Operational Capable in December 2003.
Following the incorporation of the B-2 into Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) normal bomber rotation, the 325th BS was deployed to Andersen AFB, Guam several times. From 30 April-30 June 2005 the Cavemen made Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, the B-2’s temporary home, as part of an Air Expeditionary Force operations. This 120-day tour marked the longest in the bomber’s 13-year history.
The 325th BS was also deployed with B-2s to Nellis AFB, Nevada to participate in Red Flag exercises designed to increase combat readiness, capability and survivability of participating units by providing realistic training in a combined air ground and electronic threat environment.
Effective 9 September 2005 the 325th Bomb Squadron was re-designated the 325th Weapons Squadron and replaced the 715 Weapons Squadron at Whiteman AFB. Although geographically located at Whiteman, the 325th WPS is officially assigned to the US Air Force Weapons School, 57th Wing, Nellis AFB, Nevada.

Commanders of the 325th Bomb Squadron

Name

Date Assigned

Maj William E. Buck, Jr

1 Mar 42

Lt Col W.S. Cowart

6 Jan 43

Capt William C. Anderson

20 Apr 43

Maj George L. Ott

15 Sep 43

Maj Francis E. Winget

16 Oct 43

Maj Jack S. Griffin

28 Jun 44

Maj Albert L. Cox, Jr.

5 Oct 45

Lt Col Robert D Grandmontaigne

4 Aug 46

Lt Col Richard D. Stepp

 By 1 Jan 48

Lt Col Anthony J Perna

4 Aug 48

Lt Col McLyle G Zumwalt

1 Sep 48

Maj Carl E. Jackson

13 Dec 48

Lt Col Ralph M Wanderer Jr

20 Jul 49

Capt Russell H. Jenkins, (rear echelon)

 8 Jul 50

Lt Col Charles H. Wilkins

(By 31 Jan) 51

Maj Robert A. Maucher

14 May 51

Lt Col Earle L. Osborne

(By 31 Jul) 52

Lt Col Warren C. Stirling

(By 31 Dec) 53

Lt Col Andrew B. Creo

1 Jun 54

Lt Col Milton C. Green

19 Jul 54

Lt Col Granville H. Wright, Jr.

23 Apr 55

Lt Col Sidney S. Pidgeon

1 Nov 55

Lt Col George A. Robinson

27 Nov 56

Lt Col Robert J. Ray

22 Feb 57

Lt Col Leo J. Moffatt

(By 30 Nov) 58

Lt Col John P. McKinnon

(By 30 Apr) 60

Lt Col Ross L. Clements

(By 30 Jun) 62

Lt Col Harvey R. Downs

(By 31 Oct) 62

Lt Col Francis H. Potter

(By 30 Jun) 65

Lt Col James R. French

(By 31 Dec) 65

Lt Col Donald L. Taylor

(By 30 Sep) 66

Lt Col Albert B. Pfieffer, Jr.

Feb 69

Lt Col Richard L. Atkinson

3 May 71

Lt Col Herbert E. Jordan

10 Jul 72

Lt Col Joseph R. Deiss, Jr.

21 Nov 72

Lt Col Robert F. Fornia

20 Jan 73

Lt Col Robert N. Melsness

30 Mar 73

Lt Col Wilton R. Chavis

15 Jul 73

Lt Col Donald F. Robillard

6 Nov 73

Lt Col Ralph J. Swanson

26 Jun 74

Lt Col Charles J. Wingert

1 Feb 75

Lt Col Richard C. Storr

20 Sep 75

Lt Col Gerald W. McMullen

22 Oct 75

Lt Col Richard C. Storr

22 Dec 75

Lt Col Gerald W. McMullen

(By 31 Mar) 76

Lt Col Richard C. Storr

2 Feb 77

Lt Col Sidney T. Hanna, Jr.

11 Feb 77

Lt Col Frank E. Chesire, Jr.

3 Aug 79

Lt Col Eugene E. Habiger

7 Jan 80

Lt Col Richard S. Kroell

16 Mar 81

Lt Col Joseph F. Mudd

23 Dec 81

Lt Col Edwin R. Teilborg

1 Sep 83

Lt Col Donald G. Cook

15 Nov 84

Lt Col Regnar C. Rider

15 May 86

Lt Col Raymond C. Bishop

15 Aug 87

Lt Col William J. Evans, Jr.

6 Jun 88

 Lt Col Stephen D Harper

11 Sep 1989

Lt Col Jerry Schmidt

12 Jul 1991

Lt Col David E. Bullock

8 Jan 93

Lt Col Michael G. Russell

20 Aug 93

Lt Col Mark C. McGeehan

1 Jan-24 Jun 94

Lt Col Will R. Gildner, Jr.

6 Jan 98

Lt Col Jimmy D. Smithers

15 Jul 99

Lt Col Robert E. Wheeler

17 Nov 00

Lt Col Scott A. Vander Hamm

5 Sept 02

Lt Col Thomas A. Bussiere

17 Jun 04

Lt. Col Glen Van Herck

9 Sept 05

Lt. Col Andrew Gebara

5 Jan 07

Honors of the 325th Bomb Squadron

During its forty-plus years of existence, the 325 BS has received many awards and campaign streamers for its accom­plishments. Those honors include:

CAMPAIGN STREAMERS
World War II
Anti-Submarine, American Theater
Air Offensive, Europe
Normandy
Northern France
Rhineland
Ardennes-Alsace
Central Europe
Air Combat, EAME  (European-African-Mediterranean) Theater

Korean War
UN Defensive
UN Offensive
DECORATIONS

Distinguished Unit Citations
Germany, 11 Jan 44
Germany 11 Sep 44

Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards
22 Aug-11 Sep 53
3 Mar-6 Oct 59
1 Jan 61-31 Mar 62
1 Jul 67-30 Jun 68
1 Jul-1 Oct 68
1 Jul 69-30 Jun 70
1 Jul 72-30 Jun 73
1 Jul 76-30 Jun 77
1 Jun 03-31 May 05

Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
10 Jul-24-Oct 50

Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/Palm
2 Mar-30-Sep 69