Oschersleben, Germany
11 January 1944
Field Order


NOTE: Elipses (...) denote words/phrases/letters/numbers that were unreadable

1. No nickels carried. None on hand.
2. Strike photos of the 92nd group were not available for examination. A/c carrying cameras landed away from base and film was turned over to photograph sections of bases where they landed. At Halberstadt bombs of our a/c and composite group were seen to hit factories at the MPI. The area was burning fiercely and heavy black smoke billowed up to 900 feet. Other bomb hits were observed at the junction of the RR tracks at the NE section of the city. Bomb hits and fires were also observed in the center and west end of the city. One crew reported three columns of smoke rising from target area to 5,000 feet observed from distance of five miles. At Oschersleben bombs of the 92nd group were observed to hit the center of the city. The target had been hit by previous formations and the entire city appeared to be burning. A pall of white smoke hovered over the northeast end of the city and gray and black smoke billowed up to 5,000 feet visible 20 miles from the target.
3. From 50 to 150 e/a were reported today. They were first seen in small numbers in the vicinity of the IP at about 1140 hours. When the formation reached the eastern extremity a solid undercast reaching from the enemy coast. Attacks were constant, but not in group strength until after leaving the target. For a very few minutes through the heavy flak area over and around Halberstadt and Oschersleben virtually all e/a disappeared. Two or three were seen diving through the flak. Immediately after leaving the flak area, a large number of e/a pressed home heavy rate of attacks, which lasted for 75-100 miles going west of the target. As the formation reached heavy undercast 75 miles west of the target, the numbers of e/a fell off sharply, as did the rate of attacks. Sporadic attacks continued, however, until 1400 hours at the Zuider Zee. Thus the formations were under constant attack for two hours and 20 minutes. T/e e/a were seen in the great majority. JU 88s, Me 110s and Me 210s were numerous. Also seen were FW 190s, Me 109s and one JU 87. Attacks were experienced "from all around the clock" although... most of the attacks were from the nose and tail directions from a high level and low. Nose attacks were usually from eleven to one o'clock and tail attacks from five to seven o'clock. Single attacks were experienced almost without exceptions, there being only one or two observations of pack attacks. More s/e e/a were reported to have attacked the nose or front of the formation, whereas t/e e/a made the majority of the tail attacks. The few exceptions e/a were not observed to fire anything except 20 mm and 30 caliber armament. One JU 88 was seen to fire from four to six rockets at the formation near the Zuider Zee at Rangeos to 2,000 yards. All rockets fell short and exploded without contact. One t/e e/a fired two rockets at another formation in the target area. A/c were seen taking off from a/d at Goslar just southeast of Stenhuder Lake and at Brunswick.
4. At 1044 hours at 5237-0437E this formation encountered meager inaccurate black gunfire at 18,000 feet. This gunfire was continuously pointed. At Harden Bergh at 1110 hours meager inaccurate black bursts were encountered at 19,000 feet. Continuously pointed fire was also used at this formation. At 5238-0710E meager black bursts were observed firing on group behind. One huge white burst was observed 15 miles southeast Zwolle at 1130 hours near Hameln. One very large black burst was observed at 1200 hours at Oschersleben. Moderate accurate black gunfire was encountered at 19,000 feet. This fire was continuously pointed. After bombs away formation made a sharp left turn, which changed direction of group to westerly. For a period some minutes formation flew parallel to a railroad from which guns were firing. Until formation changed direction this railway gunfire tracked. At 1213 hours at Brunswick moderate inaccurate black bursts were encountered at 19,000 feet. Continuously pointed fire was used. At 1225 hours at Celle meager inaccurate black bursts were encountered at 18,000 feet. Continuously pointed fire was used. At Rheine at 1301 hours meager black bursts were observed on left. At enemy coast on way out moderate black gunfire was encountered at Ijmuiden at 10,000 feet. This gunfire was accurate and stayed with formation for approximately three minutes.
5. Solid undercast and haze overhead extended from enemy coast going to the Harz Mountains. The formation broke into a clear section extension extending from the Harz Mountains northeastward over Halberstadt, Oschersleben and Brunswick permitting visual bombing. Fighter opposition was favored by this clear area as this was where most of the attacks occurred. Only sporadic attacks were made after the undercast was again reached.
6. An airdrome was observed on the southeast side of Hannover. It was located in a V-shaped area and was completely covered grass with no visible runways. Numerous old large shed, frameworks and piles of old metal debris was observed along roadways and road intersections just after crossing the coast in Holland. About 50 smoke pots were observed one mile southeast of Oschersleben. A railroad yard and manufacturing plant on the southeast side of Hannover was observed with a large black and white smoke column rising from this area.
7. Unidentified B-17 was seen going down on fire after having been attacked by four e/a over 5210-1120E. At 1154 hours five other B-17 were seen to go down over target area. Ten chutes were seen to come from one B-17, seven chutes from another and five chutes from each of the other three a/c. Another B-17 was seen to straggle after being hit by flak at target. Seven chutes were seen from this a/c at 1238 hours while on heading of 270 true from 5237-0920E to 0850E. A/c 758 K from this group was seen to drop out of formation and dive through clouds at 6,000 feet with five e/a following at 1316 hours. This a/c reported over VHF that it was badly damaged and was calling for fighter support. A/c 175 M from this group was seen to explode at 11,000 feet at 1322 hours over 5232-0605E. Two chutes were seen. Fighter support, principally P-51s, was fair on way in to target. Only a few P-51s were seen just after target. These stayed in view for approximately 15 minutes.


Tactical Analysis of Enemy Fighter Opposition Encountered on 11 January 1944

Crews from this group reported most all types of enemy aircraft totaled between 50 and 150. Twin engine aircraft by far predominated, listed in the order of greatest number seen were JU88s, Me 210s and one DO 217. Large numbers of single-engine e/a were also observed being listed in same manner. Me 109s, FW 190s and one JU 87. On the whole e/a were black or dark gray in color, usually with white bellies. The twin-engine aircraft appeared to be black without exception. A few twin-engine e/a were reported with unusual coloring. An FW 190 camouflaged yellow, pink and green. Another FW 190 with yellow cowling and several Me 109s with light colored stripe running over and around lengthwise of fuselage were seen. The white and black German cross stood out cleanly.

E/a were first seen in small numbers at 1140 hours in the vicinity of the IP when the formation reached the eastern extremity of the solid undercast extending from the enemy coast. Attacks were constant and not in great strength until after leaving the target where the e/a became very determined and carried attacks into close range. For a few minutes through the heavy flak over over and around Halberstadt and Oschersleben virtually all e/a disappeared immediately after leaving the flak area. A large number of e/a pressed home a heavy weight of attacks which lasted for 75 to 100 miles going west of the target. Upon reaching the undercast on the return route, the number of e/a attacks fell off sharply, but the formations were subjected to enemy opposition for two hours and twenty minutes until 1400 o'clock at the Zeider Zee.

In analyzing tactics it appears that the enemy used most every idea at his disposal, attacking at all around the clock from high, level and low, singly with twin-engine and sometimes in pairs with single-engine using twin-engine aircraft for rocket-firing from out of range and possibly air-to-air bombing as well as captured B-17s. The attacks on this group came mainly from the nose and tail from high, level and low. Nose attacks were experienced from eleven to one o'clock and tail attacks from five to seven o'clock. The t/e e/a came in mostly for the tail attacks and the s/e e/a utilized the nose approach principally. JU 88s and Me 110s fired rockets from approximately 2,000 yards, which burst well short of our formations. One crew saw two bombs drop through the formation. No explosion was noticed and no aircraft were seen overhead. Several crews reported a B-17 with no markings flying ahead of formation alone from just beyond target until enemy coast was reached. It then disappeared. One fighter made a single attack, then this B-17 a/c was unmolested. Fighter a/c were seen taking off from airdromes at Goslar, Brunswick and just southeast of Steinhader Lake.


Final Statistical Report

[someone wrote in Final at the top]

Total # airplanes airborne, including spares:   24
Total # dispatched per group:   23
Total # attacking per group:   22, 5 on Halberstadt, 17 on Oschersleben
# a/c dispatched which failed to attack per group:   1 due to mechanical failure
# a/c lost:   2 to enemy fighters
Time of attack:
Halberstadt:   1147 hours
Oschersleben:   1200 hours

Altitude of attack:
Halberstadt:   20,000 feet
Oschersleben:   19,000 feet

# of bombs on each target:
Oschersleben:   [looks like] 204x500 GP
Halberstadt:   168 M47 A1s and 12 500s

# wounded:   3
# missing:   20

Planes with Cat A and AC:   15
Planes with Cat. B:   1


Another Statistical Report

11 attacked Oschersleben
9 attacked Halberstadt
2 attacked Brunswick

one lost to enemy fire, one by reasons unknown

Attacked:
Oschersleben:   1200 hours
Halberstadt:   1147 hours
Brunswick:   1159 hours

Bombs:
Oschersleben:   132 500 GPs
Halberstadt:   60 500 GPs, 168 M47 A1s
Brunswick:   24 500s

# wounded:   2
# missing:   20

to Capt. Johnson at Division
2230 hours
4 a/c heard from guess bombed Oschersleben


Another Statistical Report

Of 11 a/c thus far interrogated, one attacked primary, 8 attacked Oschersleben.
Of two a/c which failed to return, one is reported to have bombed Oschersleben. One unreported.
One failed attack due to mechanical failure.
One lost to enemy fighters, one to reasons unknown.

Category A, AC:   6


Report of the Lead Bombardier

A. Bomb sight was synchronized on center of town of Oschersleben, the target of opportunity.
B. This target was not briefed.
C. Accurate gunfire made the a/c unsteady. The bomb run of 40 seconds was too short to accurately synchronize. Number 4 engine went out ten seconds before bombs were away and this threw the a/c off track.
D. None


handwritten page
says Oschersleben and Halberstadt
then apparently lists airplanes and bomb loads

A/C Oschersleben Halberstadt Brunswick [?]
623 12 500s
387 12 500s
052 12 500s
976 12 500s
326 12 500s
377 12 500s
649 12 500s
008 Not dispatched 12 500s
770 12 500s
175 12 500s blew up
961 jettisoned in sea 12 500s
958 12 500s
025 12 500s
411 12 500s
532 12 500s
180 12 500s
799 \
362   \
408   /
716 /
48 500s
496 42 100s
758 42 100s missing
564 42 100s [looks like] reported
109 42 100s


Flak Report (for both Oschersleben & Halberstadt)

1. Route followed:   [blank]
2. Visibility at target. Any condensation trails. Solid undercast from enemy coast to Haez Mountains.   Poor at target.
3. # a/c over [what is there is crossed out; typed in is] enemy territory. Acutual a/c over target enemy territory:   5 a/c at Halberstadt, 17 a/c at Oschersleben
4. Formation:

Time of attack:   1200 hours

Lead
1 327
2 180
3 025
4 377
5 770
6 649
7 411

High
1 175 lost by e/a
2 387
3 958
4 532
5 799
6 362

Low
92nd group
19,000 feet

1 408
2 109 623
3 976
4 052
5
6

Composite Group
21,000 feet

1 564
2 496
3 758 lost by reasons unknown
4 716
5 623 109
6

5. General axis of attack:   30° mag
6. How long did formation fly straight and level?   40 seconds
7. After turning after bombing run degrees of turn:   sharp left turn of approximately 100°
8. Position of group in relation to other groups.  Distance between groups.  If in doubt, say so.   92nd is low group. Composite high group.
9. What evasive action was taken?  Give full particulars.   Normal side to side evasive action with no change in elevation.
10. Short description of flak on route.   [blank]
11. Any other comments.   [blank]

[next page]

1. Route followed:  
Lowestoft [to]
5237-1004E [to]
5232-0437E [to]
5227-0757E [to]
5229-0604E [to]
5218-0555E [to]
5228-0719E [to]
5210-0421E [to]
5227-0820E [to]
5201-0322E [to]
5205-0855E [to]
5204-0212E [to]
5153-1025E [to]
5211-0813E [to]
Halberstadt
Oschersleben
10. Flak  
At 1044 hours at 5237-0437E this formation encountered meager inaccurate black gunfire at 18,000 feet. This gunfire was continuously pointed. At Harden-Berg at 1110 hours meager inaccurate black bursts were encountered at 19,000 feet. Continuously pointed fire was also used at this position. At 5238-0714E meager black bursts were observed firing on group behind. One huge white burst was observed 15 miles southeast of Zwolle. At 1133 hours near Hameln one very large black burst was observed. At 1200 hours at Oschersleben moderate accurate black gunfire was encountered at 19,000 feet. This gunfire was continuously pointed. After bombs away formation made a sharp left turn, which changed the direction of the group to westerly. For a period of some minutes formation flew parallel to a railroad from which guns were firing. Until formation changed direction this railway gunfire tracked. At 1213 hours at Brunswick moderate, inaccurate black bursts were encountered at 19,000 feet. Continuously pointed fire was used. At 1225 hours at Celle meager inaccurate black bursts were encountered at 18,000 feet. Continuously pointed fire was used. At Rheine at 1301 hours meager black bursts were observed on left. At enemy coast on way out moderate black gunfire was observed at Ijmuiden at 10,000. This gunfire was accurate and stayed with formation for approximately three minutes.
11. Very large red burst with brownish-gray colored smoke was observed over target approximately 1,000 feet above formation. This burst was accurate for deflection. Three times size of normal burst. A white smoke trail which rose from ground was seen on north side of target, which began to curve down when level with a/c. Just after curving down it burst with a big red flash into three red balls, which descended slowly. Over Holland a large black mushroom-like burst was seen with streamers going down. This burst was three times as large as normal bursts. At 1150 at 5158-1012E rockets fired from ground were observed rising with white trails and burst over formation.


Flash Report

A. Approximate number of a/c attacking primary target:   none
 
B. Approximate number of a/c attacking secondary target:   none
 
C. Approximate number of a/c attacking target of last resort:   none
 
D. Approximate number of a/c attacking target of opportunity:  Oschersleben:   19
 
E. Reason for attacking target of opportunity:   Combat wing leader followed over target of opportunity
 
F. # of a/c known to be missing and # unaccounted for:
missing:   1
unaccounted for:   17
 
G. Bombing results:
( ) good
( ) fair
(x) poor
( ) unobserved
 
H. Weather, very brief:
Overcast from enemy coast to [nothing else]
 
I. Flak:   moderate
Enemy aircraft opposition:   moderately strong
 
J. Friendly fighter support:   poor, weak

Phoned to 40 CBW A-2 by P.H.B. at 1930 hours 11/1/44 after interrogation of Erganian's crew


Formation

strike-outs mean no take-off

Lead
327th Squadron

1 - Erganian - 326 W
2 - Miles - 180 U
3 - Oshea - 025 Q
4 - Walsh - 961 [no letter listed]
5 - McEvoy - 377 U
6 - Lavies - 649 X
7 - Swart - 638 N

High
326th Squadron

1 - Lock - M 175
2 - Wild - S 387
3 - Rose - K 958
4 - Lansing - G 532
5 - Larrivee/Shea - 799
6 - Wenger - R 362
7 - Jessen - Q 770

Low
[squadron not listed, but this is 407th Squadron]

1 - Reid - Z 408
2 - Wilder - R 411
3 - Yakel - T 008
4 - Leavey - Q 047 5 - Perkens - X 052
6 - Skoubo - G 716
7 - Cooper - Y 976

High Squadron, High Group, 40th CBW
325th Squadron
21,000 feet

1 - Hardin - O 564
2 - Lansford - H 493
3 - Tryens - K 758
4 - Floyd - D 014
5 - Camps - L 503
6 - Chesmore - M 109 (327)
7 - Webb - Z 496 (327)

Spares:
Riley - L 623
Koss - Y 636


Debriefing Reports

[NOTE: In the interest of saving space, any questions that were left completely blank by the airmen in have been omitted from the respective reports.]

327th Squadron
230649 X
#3, 2nd element lead squadron

time took off 0857

[time/place of landing difficult to read
after time took off, t.o., but 1228 over time landed, then dash 1328 dash (-1328-)
also says landed at Debach 1450]

P 2 Lt. William R. Lavies
C 2 Lt. Elijah C. Vaughn
N 2 Lt. Dale W. Kiner
B 2 Lt. Eugene R. Johnson
R S/Sgt. Johnn J. Walcott
TT S/Sgt. Neil E. Byers
BT Sgt. Lester F. Schrank
LW Sgt. Peter Guaatella
RW Sgt. Wm. E. Harman
TG Sgt. Vern G. Swindler

Enemy fighter opposition:
200- ...[something short written above the dash; could be MR; kind of looks like a W] JU 88s predominated. Me 110 large numbers. ME 109, FW 190 (one). JU dark top, light bottoms
[next line] with white-black, then Swastika [has cross written]
Me 110 light gray dirty silver. Me 109s black with white nose FW blacks

E/a were in area from IP at 1130 until just before enemy coast at 1352. JU coming in from below at five to seven o'clock on tails mainly 110 was seen to come in from nose attack and was destroyed. Two rockets seen but source not known. Me 110s. No other attacks seen. Some high, some low. Waiting on stragglers. FW 190 five o'clock low on tail. Fired at and turned off and ...109 seen to go down in flames and crash, but no attacks run. Five s/e in train diving down exploded in mid-air. Our fighters were on them.

Air-to-air bombing:   none

Enemy use of friendly a/c:   none

Fighter support:   P-51s over target at 1200. Stayed ten minutes. Five s/e shot down, exploded. P-47s a glance before target.

Gun flak:

Time Place Altitude Intensity Accuracy
Altitude
for
Deflection
Color Barrage or Predicated Following
1108 5231N-0706E 19,000 one big burst low ahead right black just one huge burst
1200 target area 19,000 moderate good good black barrage and continuously pointed
1200 target 19,000 meager high behind right barrage
       meager flak diss places coming out
1338 5237N 0516E 19,000 moderate low right black between two formations

Unusual phenomena:   Over target trail of smoke seen to come up and over formation arch and burst just over formation. Four parachutes came out with ball of red fire hanging from each. Crew says flak was more accurate after these were seen.

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target?   1200 at Oschersleben
    Time:
    Altitude:  19,000 feet
    Heading:  14° mag

  2. # bombs dropped:
    If not all, why?   six hung [Off to side says] interval not working. Six dropped on lead. Other six hung up. five sec later... later did salvoed remaining six.

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:   12 500 GPs. Salvoed six five seconds after first six were dropped.

  4. # bombs jettisoned:  
    # bombs brought back:  
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:   Bombs seen to hit in center of town. Black smoke rising 5,000 feet. Observation: About 1201 just after target 19,000 feet smoke seen from 20 miles away.

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:   as briefed...
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations:   none

Casualties:  none

Flying equipment failures:   [blank]

Comments/suggestions:
altitude too low
flak too accurate
formation ragged over target

Battle damage:   minor


327th Squadron
237961 T

turned back

0856 take-off
1233 landing
landed at Bassingborn [91 Bomb Group base]

P 2 Lt. John R. Walsh
C 2 Lt. Rex Townsend
N 2 Lt. Kenneth R. Kinsela
B 2 Lt. Walter L. Warren
R S/Sgt. W. A. Black
TT S/Sgt. William J. Haltom
BT Sgt. William T. Shaddock
RW Sgt. Ross F. Wall
LW Sgt. Arthur L. Bennett
T Sgt. Sherman M. Silver

Enemy fighter opposition:  none
sortie credit

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:   none

Gun flak:

Time Place Altitude Intensity Accuracy
Altitude
for
Deflection
Color Barrage or Predicated Following
1043 Egmond 18,000 meager check right b ?

Unusual phenomena:   none

Results of Bombing:  not over target

  1. Did you get over the target?
    Time:
    Altitude:
    Heading:

  2. # bombs dropped:
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:   12 500s

  4. # bombs jettisoned:   at 5236-0409E at 1055
    # bombs brought back:   none
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:   

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:   in formation
  2. Entering enemy coast:   in formation to 5237-0446E at 1045
  3. Leaving enemy coast:  at 18,000 to 5236-0437E at 13,000 feet at 1047
  4. Returning English coast:  to Lowestoft 1125 1/2 9,000 feet to base to Bassingborn

Crew observations:   none

Casualties:   none

Flying equipment failures:   none

Comments/suggestions:   none

Battle damage:   one flak hole in wing


407th Squadron
230052 X
camera
with 92nd Group
flying lead second element low squadron

0933 take-off
1503 land Snetterton Heath [96 Bomb Group base]

P 2 Lt. Arthur B. Pickens
C 2 Lt. Allen L. Baker
N 2 Lt. Harold NMI Alpern
B 2 Lt. William NMI Scszado
R S/ Robert M. Ferguson
TT S/ Charles E. Cowan
BT Sgt. Merritt T. Gobel
RW Sgt. Paul R.... [typed over; looks like Cotherman]
LW Sgt. Robert W. Fenlason, Jr.
T Sgt. Vern A. Curdy

Enemy fighter opposition:
10-15 e/a Me 110s mostly and Me 210s one to two only. No JU 88s. E/a seen just before target and stayed almost to enemy coast. E/a seen to leave just over target where flak fire of great accuracy experienced. E/a looked black. Me 110s had light gray bellies. After target e/a only made half-hearted passes. No determined attacks. Before target attacks appeared more determined. One nose attack and last tail attack from above. All attacks single attacks.

Air-to-air bombing: none

Enemy use of friendly a/c: none

Fighter support:
Pretty good at Dutch coast. P-47s arrived as briefed high. They stayed a few minutes. P-51s seen right at target and just before IP saw about twelve and believed were many more. Our a/c were shooting at... [them?] P-51s stayed with us almost to enemy coast and stayed for a good hour or more.

Gun flak:

Time Place Altitude Intensity Accuracy
Altitude
for
Deflection
Color Barrage or Predicated Following
1045 coast going in 5243-0436E 17,000 meager high scattered wide black c. p. f.
1159 target 18,500 moderate good good black c. f.
scattered all way to coast
1353 5210N 0422E 10,000 meager good good black c. f.

Unusual phenomena:
Very large red burst with brownish clay colored smoke seen over target above formation 1,000 feet and good for deflection. Three times as large as ordinary flak.

Right over target saw white smoke trail from ground over north side of town, which began to curve down and at even altitude and ahead. Just after curving down it burst with big red flash into three red balls, which descended slowly.

Just before turning on IP saw large black burst larger than flak accompanied by 10-15 small white... can't read; fla or o d something something something... without smoke. There with smoke. Three of these were seen at even altitude but very wide. Smoke was very heavy and inky and hung in sky.

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? Believed target Halberstadt
    Time: 1159
    Altitude: 18,500
    Heading: 330° mag

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  
    Saw three fires spread along center of target area. Looked...[looks like well and then alright; looked well alright?] Observation made from just after bombs hit-- within five miles of target. Our bombs dropped on second bomb run.

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations: none

Casualties: none

Flying equipment failures: [blank]

Comments/suggestions: none

Battle damage:
flak holes in nose, tail, left wing, bomb bay, and one prop blade nicked
hydraulics system knocked out


231180 U
camera ship
deputy leader, lead squadron

P Capt. Ellison Miles
C 1 Lt. John C. Qua
N 1 Lt. Arthur K. Slagle
B 2 Lt. Francis X. Lethschuetz
R T/Sgt. James M. Cross
TT T/Sgt. Lester L. Menkin
BT S/Sgt. Glenn D. Phillippe
RW S/Sgt. Thos. R. Buckingham
LW S/Sgt. Herman E. Conrad
T S/Sgt. Donald L. Murray

Enemy fighter opposition:
50-75 t/e and c/e; mostly 109s;

Types, marking, color:  none noted
JU 88s; 25 FW 190s
25 t/e
25 109s

Tactics:  ...[hard to read]

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak:

Time Place Altitude Intensity Accuracy
Altitude
for
Deflection
Color Barrage or Predicated Following

Unusual phenomena: single burst of huge flak on the way in; possibly rockets

Results of Bombing: bombed on lead ship

  1. Did you get over the target? believed Oschersleben
    Time: 1159
    Altitude:
    Heading: °

  2. # bombs dropped:
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations:

Casualties:

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:

Battle damage:
Class A
10 flak


237976 Y
# 3 low sq lead element

0910 take-off
1510 landed at Framlingham

P 2 Lt. Elmyran R. Cooper
C 2 Lt. Arthur A. Pinzke
N 2 Lt. Arthur J. Croci
B 2 Lt. John D. Williams
R S/Sgt. Joseph E. Frazier
TT S/Sgt. Williamm B. Trask
BT Sgt. Charles R. Gates
RW Sgt. Charles A. Ryne
LW S/Sgt. Hubert V. Garrett
T Sgt. Wallace H. Baldwin

Enemy fighter opposition: [same as the others]

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak:

Time Place Altitude Intensity Accuracy
Altitude
for
Deflection
Color Barrage or Predicated Following
1043 5237-0437E 19,000 meager on another group right b cps
1110 5235-0632E 19,000 meager on another group b cps
1133 5210-0927E 19,000 one burst observed for accuracy, deflection very large black
1145 between IP and target 19,000 meager check check b cpf
1213 Braunschweig 19,000 continuous check check b cpf

Unusual phenomena: none

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? Halberstadt
    Time: 1149
    Altitude: 19,000
    Heading: 88° mag

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship: 12 500s

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  
    Three distinct columns of smoke were rising from target. Each of these columns rose 5,000 feet.

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target? See attached form.

Route Followed in formation

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations: none except VHF signals on another side

Casualties: none

Flying equipment failures: none

Comments/suggestions:
Altitude should be maintained until enemy coast has been crossed
Fifteen minutes before enemy coast was reached a voice was heard on VHF announcing formation was...at 14,000 feet and that crew should remove mask... later another voice was heard stating a/c was at 10,000 feet

Battle damage: Class A flak damage

stapled to this page is another interrogation form:

Results observed: ... saw factory hit. Believed target wiped out.

Others: one group's bombs hit in south center of town

Enemy opposition: 11 total. JU 88s, 8 Me 100s, one Me 109
Time: just before target to Hannover
1156 to 1221

Duration: Each plane made about one attack and then left. Most attacks were from six o'clock low. Single attacks. Machine gun and 20 mm were weapons used. Time...for attacks: one attack made from high to low at one o'clock was a JU 88. One attack made from below to within 180 yards. This plane was shot down. Eight o'clock level. Another attack was made came to within 70 yards. Attack on other groups were seen, but too distant for accurate information. Many attacks were made on stragglers also.

Flak
Halberstadt, 19,000 feet, all around except above, extremely accurate, continuously pointed fire, black, intensity moderate
Specialty flak formation

Friendly a/c lost or in distress:
B-17 from our group (175) believed to be leading second element of high squadron. # 1 engine began smoking. Letter designation M. At 1316 hours disappeared out. Peeled off. #175. One chute seen. Plane caught on fire and disintegrated. Flak got. #1 engine. No fighters attacked. Place: over Lingen.

B-17 from group ahead seen to spin down out of control. Seven chutes seen.

Place: Petershagen
Time: 1240 hours

Weather: Home field overcast and landed at Framlingham

Crew suggestions:
When over coast too low on return too much flak on VHF gave altitude away over enemy territory.

Fighter support: P-51 at target. P-47 half hour before target

Minor battle damage


lead low squadron
231408 Z

0857 take-off
1440 landed at Woodbridge

P 2 Lt. Winslow C. Reid
C 2 Lt. James W. Prior
N 2 Lt. James W. Grimmitt
B 2 Lt. Harry H. Atamian
R S/Sgt. Charles W. Brazda
TT S/Sgt. Ramsay Longbotham
BT Sgt. Carroll G. Hewitt
RW T/Sgt. James H. Barkley
LW Sgt. Joseph K. Hawkins
T Alexander Phillips

Enemy fighter opposition: [same as what has been previously noted in other interrogation reports]

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak: [same as what has been previously noted in other interrogation reports]

Unusual phenomena:
blue-white smoke trails just before target 1125 5215N-0835E fire with...high with large bursts

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
    Time: 1159
    Altitude: 18,400 feet
    Heading: 330° mag

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  Group's bombs seen to hit town and then spread to left of town. Lock's plane hit target.

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations:

Casualties:

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:
Longer extension cord on headsets and mikes

Battle damage:
sub depot
Cat B
Tokyo tanks and #4 engine hit


230716 G
#4 high squadron composite group

P 2 Lt. Ralph K. Skoubo
C 2 Lt. Harold D. Avery
N 2 Lt. Richd. M. Baker
B 2 Lt. Billy R. Coretti
R S/Sgt. Russell F. Kennedy
TT S/Sgt. Jn. R. Hewitt
BT Sgt. Hal E. Poe
RW Sgt. Charles S. Therburn
LW Sgt. James Dively
T Sgt. Clyde L. Green

Enemy fighter opposition: [same as others]

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak: [blank]

Unusual phenomena:

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? Halberstadt
    Time:
    Altitude:
    Heading: °

  2. # bombs dropped:
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations:
Station 119 (forum) 5-F money pouches missing from a/c. Evidently stolen.

Casualties:

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:

Battle damage:


239770 Q
326th Squadron
#2 in second element lead squadron

0905 take-off
1531 at...{Water Beach?}

P 2 Lt. Harvey Jessen
C 2 Lt. Dale C. Alexander
N 2 Lt. Donald M. Austin
B 2 Lt. Lynwood A. Argenbright
R S/Sgt. Duane M. Bingham
TT S/Sgt. Wm. G. Belk
BT Sgt. Frederick E. Arrouiquier
RW Sgt. Robert S. Conrad
LW Sgt. Joseph G. Pietruszewsky
T S/Sgt. Wilbur H. Brownlee

Enemy fighter opposition: {blank]

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak: [same as other reports]

Unusual phenomena: none

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? believed bombed Halberstadt
    Time: 1158 1/2
    Altitude:
    Heading: 340° mag

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  
    believe bombs hit target factory area
    burning fiercely with heavy black smoke rising to 900 feet
    observation made leaving target within five miles

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast: with 92nd group formation
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

19 a/c over target

Crew observations:
Smoke screens developed at target and towns in vicinity at formation left area.

Casualties:

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:

Battle damage:
One hole in wing and one in nose from spent shell.


231532 G# 4 high squadron

P 1 Lt. Douglas M. Lansing
C 2 Lt. John F. Ledyard
N 2 Lt. James L. Hunt
B 2 Lt. William C. Reel
R T/Sgt. John J. Mulchrone
TT T/Sgt. Frank M. Amazeen
BT Sgt. William S. Still
RW Sgt. Carl L. Vorbroker
LW Sgt. Cecil R. Tucker
T Sgt. Frank E. Clements

group assembly normal
combat wing assembly a little late, but joined just as formation left coast

Enemy fighter opposition: 75
claim one destroyed

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support: First group okay. Four picked up at 1150.

Gun flak:

Time Place Altitude Intensity Accuracy
Altitude
for
Deflection
Color Barrage or Predicated Following

Unusual phenomena:

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? bombed Oschersleben visually
    Time: 1159
    Altitude: 19,500 feet
    Heading: 45°

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  results unknown

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations:
5227 0758 t/e fighter field

B-17 group call letter Q turned back into enemy coast just as we came out.
Big factory at...[looks like] Gishonn
Six to seven tall smoke stacks

B-17 pilot Lock - Germany Dutch border left tank afire. Three men bailed out. Plane spun and exploded.

Casualties: Huge smoke trail in target area. Went above, made an ark and went down again.

no casualties

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:
Bomb seen poor. Formation poor. Brass bags for tail gunner fill up and can't shoot guns.

Battle damage: minor
antenna shot up


231362 R
#3 second element high squadron

landed at Bungay

P 1 Lt. Frederick P. Wenger
C Victor R. Larrance
N 2 Lt. Matthew A. Midura
B 2 Lt. Russel R. Rohlff
R S/Sgt. Stanton C. Southward
TT S/Sgt. Glenn C. Ellis, Jr.
BT Sgt. George D. Tarnowski
RW Sgt. James R. Brown
LW S/Sgt. Wilber E. Beck
T Sgt. Harry A. Brunson

Enemy fighter opposition:

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak:

flak guns from wheat field 20 miles east of Dümmer Lake

Unusual phenomena: A long column of smoke came up with red balls of fire breaking out like a flare

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
    Time: 1200
    Altitude: 19,000 feet
    Heading: 320° mag

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship:

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations: smoke screen seen at...[looks like] Furstenau, Germany 5230N-0736E

Casualties:

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:

Battle damage: Category A   three holes


237799 J
#2 second element high sq

0904 take-off
landed 1545 Castle Camp
13/1602-1635

P 2 Lt. Edward R. Larrivee
C 2 Lt. Jack Wilson
N 2 Lt. William E. Thompson
B 2 Lt. Alvin J. Lageson
R S/Sgt. Jack J. Bogel
TT S/Sgt. Joseph E. LeBlanc
BT Sgt. Joseph Gajdos
RW Sgt. Ferman J. Wilson
LW Sgt. Frank G. Adams
T Sgt. Joseph W. Arant

Enemy fighter opposition: [same as others]

Air-to-air bombing:

Enemy use of friendly a/c:

Fighter support:

Gun flak: [same as others]

Unusual phenomena:

Results of Bombing:

  1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
    Time: 1159
    Altitude: 19,000 feet
    Heading: 320°

  2. # bombs dropped:
    If not all, why?

  3. # bombs loaded on ship: 12 500s

  4. # bombs jettisoned:
    # bombs brought back:
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  burst right in target area
    heavy black smoke

  5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

Route Followed

  1. Leaving English coast:
  2. Entering enemy coast:
  3. Leaving enemy coast:
  4. Returning English coast:

Crew observations: e/a seen coming off ground from airdrome all around target as bomber going over

Casualties:

Flying equipment failures:

Comments/suggestions:

Battle damage: minor


231175 N

P 1 Lt. William B. Lock
C 1 Lt. Richard H. Sperry
N 1 Lt. Milton Cohen
B 1 Lt. Sol H. Greenberg
R T/Sgt. Vernon P. Brubaker
TT T/Sgt. Raymond S. Pencek
BT S/Sgt. James B. Farrell
RW S/Sgt. Charles H. Mullins
LW S/Sgt. Jack H. Wilhoit
T S/Sgt. Chas. H. Scott

This a/c blew up at 5232N-0605E at 11,000 feet at 1322 hours. Two chutes seen. Another crew reported five chutes seen. Two chutes seen by Sgt. Pietruszewski, LW gunner of a/c 770 in Jessen's crew.


231387 S
326th Squadron #2 lead element high sq 92nd

P 1 Lt. Raymond W. Wild
C 2 Lt. Charles G. Nashold
N 2 Lt. John P. Fraver
B 1 Lt. Arthur J. Roth, Jr.
R T/Sgt. James O. Butts
TT T/Sgt. Alfred A. Delahoussaye
BT S/Sgt. William L. Wallis
RW S/Sgt. Edwin A. McCaffrey
LW Pvt. Charles E. Oakes
T S/Sgt. Paul J. Robek

Enemy fighter opposition: [same as rest]

Unusual phenomena:

Results of Bombing:

Note: two forms for this crew gave information on two targets.

  1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
    Time: 1200
    Altitude: [blank]
    Heading: [blank]

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
    Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  light smoke seen to rise from the city itself. Also few hits seen just outside of town

Casualties:
Lt. Roth, bomb, wounded right leg by 3.303 bullets in right leg
Lt. Wild, pilot, slight wound in arm by spent 30 caliber

Flying equipment failures: Rad suit shorted out

  1. Did you get over the target? Brunswick
    Time: 1200
    Altitude: 19,000 feet
    Heading: 330°

  2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s

    Friendly a/c lost or in distress:
    A/c 175 burned and blew up at 1316 1/2 hours at 5130-0700E. Three chutes seen.

    Crew observations:
    1152 in target area two P-51 a/c shot down
    Two JU 88s in flames. These e/a were shot down from attack at even altitude
    At 1210 P-51s shot down in flames. One JU 88 at 5200N-1025E

    Casualties:

    Flying equipment failures:

    Comments/suggestions:
    Should be extra oxygen outlets in plane. Pvt. Oakes to facilitate working over wounded.
    TG reports his box of ammo not linked together. This very dangerous because cannot be checked. No accommodation at Thorpe Abbots...no place to sleep

    Malfunction of bomb switch required salvoing bombs over target

    Fighter support
    Saw no P-47s. Saw only four P-51s in target area. Saw one Spit over the North Sea.

    Interrogator's observations:
    This ship was seriously damaged by... [doesn't say if AA or e/a.] 60 flak holes. Oxygen and hydraulic system out. #4 tank holed.

    no claims


    231326 W
    327
    lead
    camera ship

    P Lt. Alex M. Erganian
    C Capt. Charles J. Kelly
    N 2 Lt. Francis B. Peacock
    N 1 Lt. Charles H. Beynon
    B 1 Lt. Clarence W. Dace
    R T/Sgt. Noe R. Gonzales
    TT T/Sgt. William H. Aldridge
    BT S/Sgt. John A. Piazza
    RW S/Sgt. Tomas M. Gonzales
    LW S/Sgt. William G. Russell
    T 2 Lt. Jack D. Henderson

    Results of Bombing:

    1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
      Time: 1200
      Altitude: 19,000 feet
      Heading: 30° mag

    2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
      If not all, why?

    3. # bombs loaded on ship:

    4. # bombs jettisoned:
      # bombs brought back:
      Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  
      gray and smoke
      bombs hit at edge of town...

    5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?
      Lock's a/c bombed target
      all ships with no over target

    Crew observations:

    Casualties:

    Flying equipment failures:

    Comments/suggestions:
    BT dirty and greasy
    usually is

    Battle damage:
    #4 engine out for unknown cause
    6-8 flak holes in wings and fuselage
    radio room holed


    236025 Q
    #3 lead element lead squadron

    0855 take-off
    1505 landed at Horsham

    P Lt. Henry M. O'Shea
    C 2 Lt. Stanley A. Stohl
    N 2 Lt. Lloyd A. Oster
    B 2 Lt. John J. Conlon
    R T/Sgt. Joseph W. Brown
    TT T/Sgt. Joe B. Null
    BT S/Sgt. D.E. Wight C. Wilson
    RW S/Sgt. John A. Lambert
    LW S/Sgt. Floyd W. Anthony
    T S/ Harvey J. Keil

    1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
      Time: 1200
      Altitude: 19,000
      Heading: 340°

    2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
      Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  
      This group hit both sides of river at Oschersleben since approach to target area was made along river. A group which had previously attacked struck another part of town.

    3. Did any missing a/c bomb target? Lock's a/c bombed target

    Crew observations:
    After bombing a/c left assigned position in formation and dropped behind. This a/c followed formation by 500 yards until a/c was five minutes off enemy coast on way back. A/c then turned back toward enemy coast, one engine on fire. Since there was danger of exploding. A/c did not reach enemy coastline. Fire went out before it reached. A/c then turned toward England and crossed English coast at 1445 at 4,000 feet at 5210-0137 to Horham.

    Casualties:
    LW gunner has flak hole in hand
    TG gunner had flak wound in left leg just below knee.
    Both of these gunners stayed at their posts after being wounded.
    The LW destroyed an e/a while wounded.

    Flying equipment failures:

    Comments/suggestions:
    Extra radio equipment should have some other storage than radio room since the entire crew cannot be put in ditching position due to filled condition of radio room.

    Battle damage:
    A/c at Horsham where crew was advised repairs to a/c would take at least a week to make it safe before flying. Flak holes. One engine out as wells as oxygen on side. Throttle controls... [pages stapled... battle... cable controlling damage. Approximately 75 flak holes are in a/c as well as some 303.


    231377
    327th Squadron
    lead a/c 2nd element lead

    0858 1/2 take-off
    1503 landed at Framlingham
    camera ship

    P Lt. James McEvoy
    C 2 Lt. Gene D. Piburn
    N 2 Lt. Theodore Creznic
    B 2 Lt. Robert T. Bottorff
    R S/Sgt. Delbert C. Miller
    TT T/Sgt. James R. McNutt
    BT Sgt. George E. Lenar
    RW Sgt. Louis Bispham, Jr.
    LW S/Sgt. Clifford F. Shutts
    T Sgt. Orvin M. Miller

    Crew observations: [not listed here]

    Casualties: none

    Flying equipment failures:

    Comments/suggestions:

    Battle damage:

    few scattered flak holes
    slight damage


    327th Squadron
    231411 R

    P 1 Lt. John R. Wilder
    C 2 Lt. Virgil W. Hill
    N 1 Lt. Joseph C. Parton
    B 2 Lt. William J. Coughlin
    R T/Sgt. Ingvard A. Jensen
    TT T/Sgt. Harry J. Horton
    BT S/Sgt. Edwin R. Melvin
    RW S/Sgt. Harold W. DeGroat
    LW S/Sgt. David E. Lowitz
    T S/Sgt. Orlando D. Maiocco

    Gun flak: [not listed here]

    Results of Bombing: not observed

    1. Did you get over the target? Oschersleben
      Time: 1158
      Altitude: 18,700 feet
      Heading: 358°

    2. # bombs dropped: 12 500s
      If not all, why?

    3. # bombs loaded on ship:

    4. # bombs jettisoned:
      # bombs brought back: 0
      Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  

    5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

    Route Followed

    1. Leaving English coast:
    2. Entering enemy coast:
    3. Leaving enemy coast:
    4. Returning English coast:

    Crew observations: [not listed here]

    Casualties: none

    Flying equipment failures:

    Comments/suggestions:

    Battle damage:
    several flak holes
    ... turret hit [not ball]
    hydraulics pump busted
    considered minor

    ship 623 was seen flying at P-51s this group


    325th Squadron
    231109 M
    camera ship
    No. 2 high squadron...

    P 2 Lt. Floyd H. Chesmore
    C 2 Lt. Robert Wolf
    N 2 Lt. George A. Tease, Jr.
    B 2 Lt. Arnold F. Frantz
    R S/Sgt. George P. Mazy
    TT Pvt. Paul F. Manno
    BT Sgt. Henry D. Rodenbeek
    RW S/Sgt. Lawrence W. Brandon
    LW Sgt. Edward J. Michonsky
    T Sgt. Alexander H. Jack

    Did you get over the target? Halberstadt
    Time: 1154


    Casualties: none

    Comments/suggestions:
    heater out in cockpit
    navigator's chair a nuisance. Wire to oxygen hose gets entangled.

    camera in ship, but no photos taken. A/c switch not thrown. Averted by ME 110 attack.

    Battle damage: nil


    239758 K

    P 2 Lt. Joseph A. Tryens
    C 2 Lt. Norman P. Burascano
    N 2 Lt. Earl W. Faris
    B 2 Lt. Arthur J. Guinnip
    R S/Sgt. Seymour Weiss
    TT S/Sgt. Lester R. Streeter
    BT Sgt. Billy M. Walker
    RW Sgt. Samuel G. Clevenger
    LW Sgt. Donald L. Gilbertson
    T Sgt. Jn. J. Cramer

    MIA


    325th Squadron
    231564 O
    #1, high squadron, composite group

    P 1 Lt. Ernest C. Hardin
    C 2 Lt. Leroy J. Teachey, Jr.
    N 2 Lt. Robert P. Flinn
    B 1 Lt. John A. Gloden
    R Sgt. James A. Turner
    TT T/Sgt. Wilfred H. Board
    BT Pvt. Oliver Red Eagle
    RW Sgt. James B. Vigliotti
    LW S/Sgt. Jack Hunter, Jr.
    T S/Sgt. Elmer W. Littleton

    mostly blank

    Battle damage: none


    325th Squadron a/c, 327th Squadron crew
    23496 Z

    P 2 Lt. William L. Webb
    C 2 Lt. William E. O'Donnell
    N 2 Lt. Herman L. Haasis
    B 2 Lt. John B. Dexter
    R S/Sgt. John L. Rachichi
    TT S/Sgt. Ira L. Burkhart
    BT S/Sgt. Jack M. Guy
    RW Sgt. Thomas M. Campbell
    LW Sgt. Robert L. Foster
    T Sgt. Henry NMI Garcia

    Results of Bombing: Bombs were seen to hit town

    Crew observations: none

    Casualties: none

    Flying equipment failures: loop antenna shot away because of gun stock failure

    Weather over Target
    unlimited
    6/10 - 8/10 cloud cover
    visibility unlimited

    Battle damage:
    stabilizer hit by flak
    flak hole in top turret and another in fuselage
    two bullet holes in nose


    326th Squadron a/c, 325th Squadron crew
    L 623

    P 2 Lt. William N. Riley
    C 2 Lt. John B. Delorimier [sic]
    N 2 Lt. Robert A. Nugent
    B 2 Lt. John A. Donohue
    R S/Sgt. William J. Egar
    TT S/Sgt. Harold C. Whitson
    BT Sgt. Robert L. Thomas
    RW Pvt. Emmett A. McCoy
    LW S/Sgt. Forrest C. Neigler
    T Sgt. Robert N. Bickford

    1. Did you get over the target? Halberstadt?
      Time:
      Altitude:
      Heading: °

    2. # bombs dropped: 12 500 lb. GPs
      If not all, why?

    3. # bombs loaded on ship:

    4. # bombs jettisoned:
      # bombs brought back:
      Height and colors of smoke or fires set:  

    5. Did any missing a/c bomb target?

    Crew observations:
    leader of low squadron flew too high and too close to the lead squadron Light... of smoke streamer like at target area coming up to 19,000 feet.

    A/c M 175 B-17 1323 hours # 2 engine fire in middle of Zuider Zee and ship exploded. One chute

    B-17 unidentified 1324 hours east of center of Zuider Zee in flames. Went down through clouds engine afire going down gradually.

    Flying equipment failures:
    LW gunner oxygen hose was caught
    left side of ship oxygen went out from bomb bay back


    326th Squadron
    239958 K
    #3 high squadron...

    P 2 Lt. William B. Rose
    C 2 Lt. Walter T. Price
    N 2 Lt. William A. Hoffman, III
    B 2 Lt. Stanley Kropsec
    R T/Sgt. Francis Cline
    TT T/Sgt. William A. Gurke
    BT S/Sgt. Frederick H. Gay
    RW S/Sgt. Keith C. Kent
    LW S/Sgt. William J. Richardson
    T S/Sgt. Walter E. Eilers

    Crew observations:
    At 1100 hours at our right and level, huge explosions bigger than flak bursts. Black smoke and black streamers extending down to cloud, 9,000 foot below.

    Battle damage: Class A


    230008 T
    0984 turned back over England
    1235 landed at Bassingbourne

    P 2 Lt. Jerome Yakel
    C 2 Lt. Kenneth E. Booke
    N 2 Lt. Ralph S. Davison
    B 2 Lt. Charles R. Watson
    R S/Sgt. Jesse C. Bowen
    TT S/Sgt. Neil S. Lightner
    BT Sgt. Raymond L. Crupps
    RW Sgt. Melvin A. Benson
    LW John L. Hewitt, Jr.
    T S/Sgt. Chas. V. McKinney

    turned back over Lowestoft; still over England
    turned back at 1030 hours at 12,000 feet
    turned back because couldn't find formation
    brought bombs back to Bassingbourne
    12 500 GPs
    ship okay
    crew okay
    ship flown back to base


    a/c 493
    325th Squadron

    did not take off
    a/c failed to take off
    got stuck in mud on side of runway attempting to turn off


    2 Lt. W. C. Lansford pilot

    a/c 20014 D
    325th Squadron

    P 1 Lt. Dick W. Floyd
    C 2 Lt. Grady B. Williams
    N 2 Lt. Stephen F. Rancsok
    B 2 Lt. Donald E. Smith
    R S/Sgt. Russell A. Robol
    TT S/Sgt. George H. Dolan
    BT Sgt. Robert B. Beck
    RW S/Sgt. Sherrill J. White
    LW T/Sgt. Albert E. Knox
    T Sgt. Harry R. Kaiser, Jr.

    didn't take off
    [no reason given]


    a/c 230636 Y
    326th Squadron

    did not take off

    P 2 Lt. John J. Koss
    C 2 Lt. John P. Bowers
    N 2 Lt. Harry G. Caldis
    B 2 Lt. Donwrith V. Gubler
    R S/Sgt. William... [looks like] E. Schuff
    TT S/Sgt. Cephas I. Bowling
    BT Sgt. Leburn W. Merritt
    RW Sgt. Eugene L. Goodwin
    LW Sgt. Antonio E. D'Erasmo
    T Sgt. Jack A. Morton


    a/c 230639 N
    327th Squadron

    did not take off

    2 Lt. Bernard R. Swart
    F/O Robert L. Holzhausen - copilot


    a/c 231503 L
    325th Squadron

    did not take off

    P 2 Lt. Gordon L. Capps
    C 2 Lt. Raymond W. Warns
    N 2 Lt. Ted B. Siirila
    B 2 Lt. Earl H. Gauthier
    R S/Sgt. Robert E. Moody
    TT S/Sgt. John C. Veldhuizen
    BT Pvt. George E. Jones
    RW S/Sgt. Robt. E. Toal
    LW Sgt. Samuel M. Walker
    T Sgt. Kennedy Gibbons


    Annex # 2 to Field Order 262

    Change in Time Schedule

    Lowestoft - zero 15,000 feet
    5237 0437 + 32 minutes 20,000 feet
    5235-0600 FRV + 46 minutes 20,000 feet
    5233-0710 FRV + 58 minutes 20,000 feet
    5230-0820 + 70 minutes 20,000 feet
    5155-1024 (IP) FRV +92 minutes 20,000 feet
    target + 102 minutes 20,000 feet
    5215-1049 + 111 minutes 20,000 feet
    5237-1004 + 127 minutes 20,000 feet
    5237-0820 FRV + 153 minutes 20,000 feet
    5237-0600 FRV + 187 minutes 20,000 feet
    5237-0437 + 207 minutes start descent 20,000 feet
    Great Yarmouth + 247 minutes 5,000 feet

    Correction to Fighter Support
    change force; it reads two groups P-47s from 5230-0820 to read two groups P-47s from 5237-0820

    Forces Required
    five combat boxes

    Assembly
    40th A CBW formation
    306 is lead
    40A CBW with 19 + 1 pff assemble SOP on Splasher 4 at 11,000 feet. Depart splasher 4 zero - 36 minutes.

    92 low group in 40A with 21 a/c. Assemble SOP on Splasher 4 9,000 feet.

    Composite group high in 40A CBW with 14 a/c from... [looks like] 306 group to form lead and low squadrons plus seven a/c from 92nd group to form high squadron. Assemble SOP on Splasher 4 at 13,000 feet.

    40B - 305 lead group with 18 + two pff. Assemble SOP on 40 CBW buncher at 11,000 feet . Depart Podington zero - 52 minutes.

    305 group in 40B with 18 a/c assemble SOP 40th buncher at 9,000.
    384 is high.

    Route
    [very hard to read.  very light print]

    40 A
    Splasher 4 0 - 20 minutes 11,000 feet
    Lincoln 0 ...28[?] minutes 11,000 feet
    ...Skleaford[?] 0 - 22 minutes 11,000 feet
    Splasher 6 0 + 3 minutes 15,000 feet
    Lowestoft 0 + 12 minutes 15,000 feet

    40B
    Poddington [sic] 0 - 52 minutes 11,000 feet
    Buckingham 0 - 44 minutes 11,000 feet
    Daventry 0 - 36 minutes 11,000 feet
    Mktharborough 0 - 28 minutes 12,000 feet
    Splasher 6 zero hour 15,000 feet
    Lowestoft 0 + 9 minutes 15,000 feet

    high squadron on right

    Fuel Load:  2300 US gallons

    weather ship from 306 group

    caution all navigators 40 CBW buncher now located at Podington

    CBW leader upon PFF bombing will announce their call sign and bombs away three times


    Annex 1
    A.  On non-Tokyo a/c load one bomb bay

    B.  Division commander will make the decision as to plan of attack prior to arrival at position 5155-1025E in order to prevent confusion and permit pff a/c to move into position in the event of blind bombing methods are to be employed.

    C.  Fighter support

    Timings
    One group P-47s at 5235-0600 to limit of range 0 + 52
    One group P-47s at 5233-0710 to limit of range 0 + 65
    One group P-51s at 5155-1023 to limit of range 0 + 101
    Two groups P-47s at [this is where correction was made] 5230-0820 to limit of range 0 + 157
    Six squadrons Spit IX at 5238-0600 to limit of range 0 + 189

    Cancel information sent out on teletype. Mark advanced information field order 261 amended to read f/o 262.

    Target:
    Visual: GY 4776
    Blind: GY 4775

    Bomb load:
    41 all a/c max load 500 GP 1/10, 1/100
    94 500 GPs 1/10, 1/100
    1 two boxes max load 500 GPs 1/10, 1/100
    1 box max M47 IBs
    40, 41 all a/c max load M 47 IBs
    40 all a/c ma load M 47 IBs
    [but they carried 500 GPS]

    depart Cromer 20,000 feet at zero hour

    Zero Hour: 1100

    primary for 41, 94 cbw, 1 cbw - GY 4801
    MPI [hard to read] 045067/3

    Primary:  40/41, 40 - GY 4822
    MPI [looks like] 042026/3

    Secondary:  41, 94 - GY 4776
    MPI 039102/3
    071096/3
    050073/3

    1CBW
    GY 74... [4676 maybe]
    MPI 033041/looks like T

    40/41
    GY 4775 (A)
    MPI 024044/3

    40
    GY 4842
    MPI 038042/3

    Last Resort:
    by pff all CBWs: GY 4773
    MPI 010036/2

    41 CBW leading
    94 CBW
    1 CBW
    40/41 CBW composite
    40 CBW

    Disposition of PFF:
    1 H2X, 1 H2S a/c to 303
    1 H2X to 401
    1 H2X to 92
    1 H2X, 1 H2S to 305
    1 H2X to 306


    Last updated 11-2-04 1630 est (1930 z)


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