|primary||Ball bearing plant at Erkner 16½ miles east of center Berlin||visual bombing only|
|secondary||one mile east of Friedrichstrasse, RR station||visual or pff bombing|
|last resort||any industrial area or military objective positively identified in Germany, which can be attacked w/o disrupting fighter support|
The 92nd Bomb Group flew as lead group and low squadron of the 40A Combat Wing.
407 Sq a/c
326 Sq a/c
325th Sq a/c
407 Sq a/c
94th CBW fly abreast and guide left on 1st
40A fly abreast and guide left on 41st
41st CBW will furnish one box of 40th CBW
40th CBW will arrange necessary details for assembly and send copies of their annex to group and CBWs concerned
Disposition of Pff A/c
2 Mickey a/c to 91st
1 Mickey a/c to 401st
1 Mickey a/c to 379th
1 Mickey a/c to 92nd
Zero Hour: 1000
|ffvhf code word for primary||format|
|1st CBW||Goldsmith 12|
|94th CBW||Goldsmith 11|
|41st CBW||Goldsmith 14|
|40th A CBW||Goldsmith 13|
|composite CBW||Goldsmith 15|
|vhf bomber to bomber channel B||smokestack|
40th CBW will operate all available carpet according to existing instructions. Frequencies according to Appendix A
First and lead group
The first wing lead group in each following will discharge chaff at the rate of one unit every three seconds beginning at 5212-1320 and continuing for 14 minutes. Each will carry 288 units.
Leader, F Leader and two other a/c of each group designated to monitor division frequency will change from Channel A to Channel B at 0-12 mins.
vhf code word for authentication: bootlegger
|Primary:||Ball bearing plant at Erkner 16½ miles east of center Berlin|
|Secondary:||one mile east of Friedrichstrasse, RR station; bombing by pff|
|Last Resort:||all industrial areas or military objectives positively identified as being in Germany|
Route is good from a flak standpoint. At Berlin 457 guns. Primary target twelve guns within range. Secondary target 250 guns within range.
Probably will encounter one of the heaviest concentrations on any mission order to date.
|one group||P-47s||at 5237-0510|
|one group||P-47s||at 5237-0640|
|two groups||P-47s||at 5237-0840|
|one group||P-51s||at 5228-1110|
|one group||P-38s||at 5305-1300|
|two squadrons||RAF P-51s||at 5250-1040|
|one group||P-47s||at 5240-0840|
|one group||P-47s||at 5237-0710|
As many fighter groups as possible will make a second sortie as withdrawal support.
Third Division with six wings will attack the Bosch ignition and magneto works just on the southern outskirts of Berlin. Depart Orfordness at 0+12.
Second Division with three wings will attack the Deimler Benz engine works approximately 20 miles south of center of Berlin. They depart Cromer at 0+24.
Visual only. The important ball bearing factory at Erkner, 60 miles ESE of the center of Berlin, which is probably today the main source of supply of ball bearings left to Jerry. Extensive camouflage and considerable snowfall can be expected, as well as a smoke screen. Heavy reliance may thus have to be made on the surrounding ground detail of lakes, roads and autobahns. The aiming point is the center of the factory area. There is a 50-60% chance bombing will be visual.
The secondary for visual bombing and primary for pff technique is the center of the industrial area of Berlin, located one mile east of the eastern end of the Tiergarten and one-half mile east of Friedrichstrasse station. At that point the Spree river crossing Berlin splits to form the only island of consequence, the northern tip of which contains your aiming point. A sharp right turn after bombing is advised to avoid considerable flak and you should leave Berlin heading 30 mag. In case very heavy contrails develop at your altitude and you are attacking the secondary from reduced altitude, you are authorized to bomb the SE section of the town and turn sharply away from the flak area.
Any military objective... Possibilities are Hannover, Brunswick, Magdeburg and Brandenburg.
|Leave English coast at Cromer||1000 hours||14,000 feet|
|Enter enemy coast at Egmund||1044 hours||21,000 feet|
|IP is Körgs||1250 hours||21,000 feet|
|Target heading:||1256 hours||21,000 feet, 25 miles NE Berlin|
|15,000 feet||five miles north Dümmer Lake|
|Leave enemy coast Egmund||1456 hours||15,000 feet|
|Enter English coast at Great Yarmouth||1535 hours||5,000 feet|
Enemy fighters: A very large number expected.
The Eighth Air Force suffered losses of 69 bombers, 18 from the First Division, 16 from the Second Division and 35 from the Third Division, including, among others:
|15||100th Bomb Group
(10 from 350th Squadron)
|Third Division||8||95th Bomb Group||Third Division||7||388th Bomb Group||Third Division||6||91st Bomb Group||First Division||5||458th Bomb Group||Second Division||4||453rd Bomb Group||Second Division|
Included in the losses this day was 1 Lt. John C. Morgan, former 92nd Bomb Group co-pilot and Congressional Medal of Honor awardee (for 26 July 1943 mission). Morgan was f lying with the 385th Bomb Group along with Brig. General Russell Wilson, Third Division mission commander. As the bomber approached the target, it was hit by flak. Pilot Major Fred A. Rabo was able to stay on course until the bombs were dropped. He then dropped to 1,500 feet where the plane exploded. Morgan attached his chute while in the air, landed safely and was captured by German flak gunners, spending the rest of the war as a "P/W."
American gunners claimed over 90 kills. Fighter pilots claimed 82 kills.
This was the Eighth Air Force's most costly mission.
Last updated 9-26-00 0800 edt (1200 z)